Essays on Drama:

"African-American Drama from the Midwest."  MidAmerica XXXII (2005): 95-119.

"Arthur Miller's Sojourn in the Heartland."  American Drama 16:2 (Summer 2007): 28-45.

"Back to the (Plutonian) Midwest: Sam Shepard's The God of Hell." New England Theatre Journal 18 (2007): 95-108.

"Center Stage: Midwestern Plays and Playwrights."  Midwest Miscellany XXX (Spring 2002): 7-19.
----------.  Rpt. Agora,, May 2004.

“Collapsing Male Myths: Rabe's Tragicomic Hurlyburly.”  American Drama 3:1 (Fall 1993): 1-16.
----------.  Rpt. New Readings in American Drama: Something's Happening Here.  Ed. Norma JenckesNew York: Peter Lang, 2002.

“Dramatizing the Midwest.”  MidAmerica XXXIV (2007): 59-78.

“Eastern Paradox in Bernard Shaw’s Major Barbara.”  Forthcoming in Shaw.

 “Genre Interactions in Thomas Wolfe’s I Have a Thing to Tell You.”  Forthcoming in the Thomas Wolfe Review.

“The Heartland of Susan Glaspell’s Plays.”  MidAmerica XXXVII (2010): 81-94.

“The Incredible Shrinking Theatre."  The Dramatists Guild Quarterly 33:4 (Winter 1997): 37-39.
----------.  Rpt. Curtain Call IV:2 (Oct.-Nov. 1997): 4.      

"Insurrection et désir dans La Folle de Chaillot." La Folle de Chaillot 1945-1995: Lectures et métamorphoses.  Les Cahiers Jean Giraudoux 25 (1997): 119-130.

            “In the Heart of the Land: Midwestern Plays and Playwrights.”  Critical Insights: Midwestern Literature.  Ed. Ronald Primeau.  Ipswich, MA: Salem P, 2013.  186-97.


          “’Living Fifty-Fifty’: Gender Dynamics in the Plays of Rachel Crothers.”  MidAmerica XXXVIII (2011): 82-92.

"Man among Men: David Mamet's Homosocial Order."  American Drama 1:1 (Fall 1991): 46-60.
----------.  Rpt. Fictions of Masculinity: Literary Constructions of Manhood Ed. Peter F. Murphy.  New York : New York UP, 1994.
----------.  Rpt. David Mamet.  Ed. Harold Bloom.  New York: Chelsea House, 2003.

“Marsha Norman’s Bi-Regional Vision in ‘night, Mother.”  Mississippi Quarterly 64:1-2 (Winter/Spring 2012): 115-28.       

"[Midwestern] Drama."  The America Midwest: An Interpretive Encyclopedia. Eds. Richard Sisson, Christian Zacher, and Andrew Clayton.  Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP, 2006.

"Midwestern Dramas."  In the Middle of the Midwest: An Anthology of Creative Non-Fiction from the Heartland Ed. Becky BradwayBloomington: Indiana UP, 2003.

"The Midwestern Plays of Tennessee Williams."  Tennessee Williams Annual Review No. 8 (2006): 33-50.

"The Playwright's Vision in 'The Process.'"  The Dramatists Guild Quarterly 29:4 (Winter 1993): 13-14.

"The Psychology of Coriolanus."  Penumbra 2:1 (Fall-Winter 1978): 19-28.

"Rabe, Mamet, Shepard, and Wilson: Mid-American Male Dramatists of the 1970s and '80s."  The Midwest Quarterly XLVIII: 3 (Spring 2007): 342-58.

"Regional Tensions in Tennessee Williams's Candles to the Sun and Spring Storm."  South Atlantic Review 72:3 (Summer 2007): 38-50.

"Signature Motifs in Midwestern Drama."  Forthcoming in Dictionary of Midwestern Literature.

“’A Stone, a Leaf, a Door’: The Narrative Poetics of Thomas Wolfe.”  The Thomas Wolfe Review 35:1-2 (2011): 7-21.  Winner of the Zelda and Paul Gitlin Literary Prize for best essay published on Thomas Wolfe in 2011.

"Tennessee Williams's St. Louis on Stage."  Tennessee Williams Literary Journal VI: I (Winter 2008): 10-22.

“Thomas Wolfe’s Expressionism and The Party at Jack’s.”  The Thomas Wolfe Review 37:1-2 (2013): 7-22.

"Twain, Howells, and the Origins of Midwestern Drama."  MidAmerica XXXI (2004): 25-42.

"Using Drama in the Composition Class."  Kentucky English Bulletin 37:2 (Winter 1987-88): 95-105.

"War of the Wests: Saroyan's Dramatic Landscape."  American Drama 9:2 (Spring 2000): 29-49.

"Western Drama and the New Frontier." American Drama 7:1 (Fall 1997): 99-120.

"Wilder's Dramatic Landscape: Alienation Effect Meets the Midwest." American Drama 15:1 (Winter 2006): 43-61.

"William Inge's Dramatic Mindscape."   South Dakota Review 42:3 (Fall 2004): 49-69.

"You Can Go Home Again: Tennessee Williams' A Lovely Sunday for Creve Coeur."  Midwest Miscellany XXXIII (Fall         2006): 7-21.

Essays on Poetry:

          “On Leadership.”  Pine Whispers Summer 2015: 2


          “On Music and Poetry.”  Pine Whispers Spring 2016: 2.

          "On Poetry and Pain ."  A View from the Loft 24:6: 3-6, 17.

          ----------.  Rpt. The Muse Apprentice Guild (on-line), August 2002.

          ----------.  Rpt. Agora (on-line) XXVIII (Sept. 2002).

          "On Poetry Readings."   The Muse Apprentice Guild (on-line), Winter 2003.


“Poetry as Civic Witness.”  Pine Whispers Winter 2015: 2.


"Poetry, Beginnings to 1820." The Companion to Southern Literature.  Eds. Joseph M. Flora and Lucinda H. MacKethanBaton Rouge: Louisiana State UP, 2002.  655-58.

          "Poetry as Play." Poet and Critic Winter 1983-84: 37-40.

          "Recycling Poems." Orbis (UK) 65/66 (Summer-Autumn 1987): 41-43.


“Returning to Rhyme.”  Red Room,, May 2012.


"Toward a Less Primitive Prosody: Some Propositions."  Series of five articles.  Counterpoint (UK), Summer 1977 to Spring 1979.

          "Unity of Vision in T.S. Eliot's Waste Land."  The Kaw Valley Literary Review 1:2 (Spring 1978): 11-16.

          "What's Wrong with Contemporary American Poetry?"  A View from the Loft 11:2 (Sept. 1988): 1, 16-17.

Essays on Contemporary Writing:

           “Authors Wanted (Inquire Within).  Vocabula,, June 2011.       


          "Beyond Self-Expression." A View from the Loft 21:1 (August 1998): 4, 10.

          "Caveat Emptor: A Comment on Creative Writing Programs."  A View from the Loft 9:3 (Nov. 1986): 8-9.

          "Comment" on creative writing programs.  College English 56:2 (Feb. 1994): 219-220.

          "Creative Writing in the Academy."  Profession 1999: 106-112.

          "The Literary Grants Climate in Illinois."  IWI Newsletter July 1990: 1, 3.

          "The New Regionalism."  A View from the Loft 13:3 (Oct. 1990): 5, 16.

          "On Poetry and Religion."  IWI Newsletter May 1992: 1.

          "On Writing and Wisdom."  A View from the Loft 10:1 (Aug. 1987): 1, 6.

          "Patronage and the Arts."  A View from the Loft 12:4 (Nov. 1989): 6, 14-15.

          "Publishing's Publishing for A' That."  A View from the Loft 14:9 (April 1992): 7, 20-21.

          "Rethinking Creative Writing."   Electronic Book Review (on-line), May 2001.

          "Species of Literary Fraud."  A View from the Loft 15:10 (May 1993): 6-7, 17.

          ----------.  Rpt. Carousel , Vol. 16, No. 6, Nov./Dec. 1993, pp. 1, 10.  Rpt. Author World (on-line), 2000.


        "Writing and the Self-Expression Industry."  A View from the Loft12:1 (Aug. 1989): 3, 18.


Other Essays:

"A Catalogue of Works Based on the Apocryphal Book of Judith: From the Mediaeval Period to the Present."  Bulletin of Bibliography 44:3 (Sept. 1987): 89-92.

          "Graduate student unions won't destroy higher education."  Champaign News-Gazette 14 March 2001.

          "The Hidden Enemy."  Journeyman l: 1 (Winter 1991): 8-10.


          “Meditation: On Going Home.”  The Thomas Wolfe Review 37:1-2 (2013): 136-45.

          "The Other Side of Cancer."  Touch: Healing in the Arts 1 (Fall 2006): 10-14.

          "The Proud Virtues of Defeat."  U.S. News and World Report 24 Aug. 1987: 5.


Review of Die Party bei den Jacks, by Thomas Wolfe.  Trans. Susanne Höbel.  Thomas Wolfe Review 35:1-2 (2011): 146-9.

Review of Floating Heart, by Stuart Friebert.  Trans-Lit2 XXI: 1 (Frühjahr 2015): 93-94.

Review of The Man and the World: Selected Essays and All Tables of Contents from the Thomas Wolfe Newsletter and Review 1977-2000

          Eds. Takashi Kodeira and Hiroshi TsunemotoThe Thomas Wolfe Review 29:1-2 (2005): 108-111.


Review of Mortal Diamonds by Durs Grünbein.  Trans-Lit2 XX: 1 (Frühjahr 2014): 70-71.


Review of My Father’s Hands, by Thomas Wolfe.  Ed. David Strange.  The Thomas Wolfe Review 30: 1-2 (2006): 153-55.


Review of The Napkin Manuscripts: Selected Essays and an Interview, by Michael McFee.  Knoxville: U Tennessee P, 2006.  Mississippi Quarterly 60:2 (Spring 2007): 427-29.


Review of Oktoberfest, by Thomas Wolfe.  Trans. Irma Wehrli.  The Thomas Wolfe Review 34:1-2 (2010): 159-62. 


Review of Out of the West: Notes from Thomas Wolfe’s Final Western Journey, ed. Mark Canada et al.  The Thomas Wolfe Review 38: 1-2 (2014): 122-3.



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